Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
HIV and AIDS fact sheet - Health conditions Directory.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that can result in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) if left untreated. People who are infected with HIV are said to be HIV positive, even if their infection has not resulted in AIDS.
Over time if left untreated (usually many years), HIV can affect a person's immune system, leaving the body less able to protect itself from disease. When the immune system has been badly damaged by HIV infection, people can get sick from related infections or cancers. At this stage of HIV infection, a person is said to have AIDS.
Public health management guidelines
- Read Queensland Health guidelines for public health units for HIV infection.
- List of all Pathological, clinical and provisional diagnosis notifiable conditions
- List of Public Health Unit contacts
- Notifiable conditions report form for Queensland clinicians (PHA S70) (PDF, 48kB) - if faxing notification, follow up by phone.
Enhanced surveillance for public health units
- Notification of laboratory confirmed HIV form (PDF, 376kB) - used by public health units to collect and manage more detailed information for enhanced case surveillance.
- Australian STI management guidelines for use in primary care - an online resource for primary care health professionals which provide concise information to support the prevention, testing, diagnosis, management and treatment of STIs.
- Management of people with HIV who place others at risk - this guideline provides direction on the management of the small sub-set of people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) who place others at risk of HIV.
- Management of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus, and Hepatitis C Virus Infected Healthcare Workers - this guideline provides the minimum recommended processes for the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected healthcare workers (HCWs).
- Management of occupational exposure to blood and body fluids - this guideline provides the minimum recommended procedures for the immediate assessment, management and follow-up of individuals who have been exposed (or suspect they have been exposed) to blood borne viruses (BBV), and recommendations for initiation of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in occupational settings.
- Post-Exposure Prophylaxis after Non-Occupational
and Occupational Exposure to HIV: Australian Guidelines - outline the management of individuals who have been exposed (or suspect they have been exposed) to HIV in non-occupational and occupational settings.
- PEP risk assessment algorithm for non-occupational exposure to HIV (PDF 350kB).
Resources for health professionals
Epidemiological data and reports
- HIV in Queensland - annual reports by Queensland Health.
- Annual surveillance reports - analysis of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia produced by The Kirby Institute.